The growth or decline in the number of residents of a geographic area, broken down by gender and age.
Population measures provide insight on the changing size and face of communities, and the distribution of population among ages affects the character of and challenges faced by a community. For example, an area with a large concentration of youth will have different service needs currently and in the future than an area with a large elderly population.
From 2000 to 2013-17 in Essex County, there was more growth in older age brackets among both men and women. Among men, the greatest increases were in the age brackets of 60-84 (44%) and 85 or older (72%), along with a 29% increase in the population of women in both of these age brackets. There were much smaller increases in the age brackets of 20-39 for men (2%), and for women under 20 (2%). These were similar to trends in Massachusetts and the nation.
Within Essex County, the City of Lawrence had larger increases for both genders in the age brackets of 40-59 (26% for women and 18% for men).
Trends in Essex were very similar to the comparison counties, with more growth in older populations for both genders, and losses or small growth in younger populations.
Individuals age into and out of these groups, and this indicator should not be interpreted as a measure of groups moving to or away from the region. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.