Children And Youth
Children Living in Poverty


Children Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2017, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,858.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is our county doing?

In 2013-17, about 25,700 children in Essex County were living in poverty, or 15% of all children under 18. This was up from 12% in 2000 and similar to 2008-12. The county rate was similar to the state rate but below the national rate of 20%.

Within Essex County, the cities of Lawrence (31%) and Lynn (27%) had the highest child poverty rates in 2013-17. The percentage in Lawrence was similar to 2000, while Lynn had an increase since 2000 of 4 percentage points. Two other cities experienced double-digit increases since 2000: Haverhill (at 21%, up from 13%) and Peabody (at 18%, up from 6%).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's rate in 2013-17 was higher than the comparison counties of Lake, IL (11%),Westchester, NY (12%) and Middlesex, MA (9%).

Notes about the data

Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing.

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Children Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-17
Essex County, MA12%15%15%
Amesbury2%***4%***
Beverly8%12%*11%**
Gloucester12%12%*9%*
Haverhill13%18%21%
Lawrence32%39%31%
Lynn23%29%27%
Methuen10%10%*15%*
Newburyport7%3%***13%***
Peabody6%3%**18%
Salem12%20%*23%*
Andover4%4%**4%**
Boxford1%2%***6%***
Danvers3%6%**5%***
Essex6%0%***7%***
Georgetown4%1%***3%***
Groveland7%4%***2%***
Hamilton5%5%***12%**
Ipswich8%1%***7%***
Lynnfield2%1%***2%***
Manchester2%4%***0%***
Marblehead6%6%***3%***
Merrimac1%3%***11%***
Middleton2%3%***2%***
Nahant3%0%***2%***
Newbury3%10%***1%***
North Andover3%2%***5%**
Rockport3%3%***9%***
Rowley6%24%***7%***
Salisbury10%2%***10%***
Saugus5%9%**12%**
Swampscott4%7%***9%***
Topsfield0%15%***0%***
Wenham2%4%***0%***
West Newbury4%18%***7%***
Middlesex County, MA8%8%9%
Lake County, IL7%12%11%
Westchester County, NY11%12%12%
Massachusetts12%14%15%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Children Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-17
Essex County, MA21,82325,49725,681
Amesbury82***159***
Beverly644849*780**
Gloucester791641*438*
Haverhill1,9002,5022,938
Lawrence7,2208,5536,360
Lynn5,4646,3616,159
Methuen1,0611,153*1,595*
Newburyport231114***466***
Peabody602350**1,631
Salem9941,548*1,696*
Andover331320**355**
Boxford2152***123***
Danvers173338**258***
Essex480***57***
Georgetown8518***54***
Groveland12856***32***
Hamilton124127***262**
Ipswich23331***200***
Lynnfield5528***73***
Manchester2349***0***
Marblehead291308***156***
Merrimac1355***143***
Middleton4059***39***
Nahant180***11***
Newbury52144***14***
North Andover195167***370**
Rockport5539***110***
Rowley88332***88***
Salisbury17122***147***
Saugus249476**589**
Swampscott140229***298***
Topsfield6245***0***
Wenham1833***0***
West Newbury48216***80***
Middlesex County, MA24,37826,35129,453
Lake County, IL13,48423,53220,106
Westchester County, NY25,41726,88625,404
Massachusetts177,383195,519198,980

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY