The rate of incarcerations, per 10,000 residents, per year. Incarcerations include those who are detained while awaiting trial, civilly committed or criminally sentenced.
Incarceration serves to remove offenders from a community, but also creates hardships upon families, such as a loss of income or caregiver, in addition to long-term effects on mental health for all involved. After incarceration, there are challenges in obtaining meaningful employment, leading to reductions in long-term productivity, recidivism and wide-spread effects on a community's social, health and educational systems. Incarceration rates may also help to evaluate how certain social programs are performing, leading to more effective measures for prevention.
In 2017, an average of 22 residents per 10,000 were incarcerated in Essex County, greater than the statewide rate of 17. This has been the steady rate since 2013, equating to around 1,800 residents annually.
Essex County had a rate over three times greater than Middlesex, which was 7 per 10,000 residents in 2017. Comparable data was not available for Lake, IL and Westchester, NY.
Data includes all classifications of incarceration.