Economy And Workforce
Unemployment Rate


Unemployment Rate

What does this measure?

Unemployed individuals are those without jobs who are able, available and actively seeking work. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed people as a percentage of the total labor force (the total number of employed and unemployed individuals 16 or older and not living in prisons, mental hospitals, or nursing homes).

Why is this important?

Unemployment rates are a relatively timely indicator of current local economic conditions, particularly recent changes in the employment landscape that reflect the overall health of the economy.

How is our county doing?

The unemployment rate in Essex County was 3.8% in 2017, which represented about 15,700 people seeking employment. This was a continuation of the steady decline seen in unemployment rates since the peak rate in Essex County of 8.7% in 2009. The state and nation have also had an overall decline since 2009, and had rates of 3.7% and 4.4%, respectively in 2017. The 2017 rates for Essex County and the state, though, were far higher than rates under 3% in 2000.

How do we compare to similar counties?

The unemployment rate in Essex County was below Lake County, IL (4.4%) and Westchester County, NY (4.6%), and above Middlesex, MA (3.0%). Also on par with state and national trends, all comparison areas have had declines in unemployment rates since peak rates in 2009.

Notes about the data

The unemployment rate represents only those who are actively seeking employment and does not account for under-employment or discouraged workers who have stopped looking for jobs. Also, county-level estimates are based on relatively small samples, and the true number of unemployed residents may vary considerably from the estimate. The rates reported here are averages of monthly rates. 2018 data for this indicator are expected to be released in the second quarter of 2019.

Unemployment Rate
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MA2.7%4.1%5.9%6.3%5.7%5.3%5.3%4.9%5.9%8.7%8.7%7.6%7.1%7.0%6.0%5.0%4.0%3.8%
Amesbury2.3%3.6%5.2%5.6%4.9%4.5%4.8%4.4%5.4%7.9%7.8%6.5%6.0%6.0%5.0%4.2%3.2%3.0%
Beverly2.2%3.1%4.6%4.9%4.8%4.3%4.3%4.0%4.9%7.4%7.4%6.3%5.7%5.8%5.1%4.3%3.4%3.2%
Gloucester3.6%4.9%6.3%6.8%6.2%6.0%6.1%5.6%6.8%9.6%10.5%9.1%8.2%8.6%7.0%6.1%4.7%4.5%
Haverhill2.6%4.2%6.4%6.5%5.7%5.3%5.2%4.9%6.1%9.1%9.2%8.1%7.5%7.1%6.1%5.1%4.1%3.9%
Lawrence5.5%8.8%12.3%12.1%11.0%10.1%9.9%9.2%11.1%15.8%14.8%14.5%13.3%13.3%11.0%9.1%7.2%6.8%
Lynn3.2%4.4%6.2%7.3%6.5%6.2%6.1%5.6%6.6%9.4%8.9%8.0%7.6%7.4%6.4%5.3%4.2%3.9%
Methuen3.2%4.7%7.3%7.5%6.6%6.1%6.0%5.5%6.8%10.1%9.8%8.4%8.2%8.3%6.7%5.6%4.5%4.3%
Newburyport2.2%3.4%5.0%5.4%4.4%4.0%4.1%3.6%4.3%6.6%7.4%6.1%5.7%5.5%4.7%4.0%3.2%3.0%
Peabody2.4%3.5%4.9%5.4%5.0%4.8%4.9%4.5%5.2%7.8%7.8%6.5%6.2%6.3%5.3%4.4%3.7%3.4%
Salem2.5%3.7%5.2%5.8%5.4%4.9%4.9%4.6%5.4%8.1%8.4%7.4%6.7%6.8%5.8%4.9%3.9%3.8%
Middlesex County, MA2.2%3.3%5.0%5.2%4.4%4.1%4.1%3.8%4.5%6.9%6.9%5.9%5.4%5.5%4.7%3.9%3.2%3.0%
Lake County, IL3.4%4.2%5.3%5.8%5.2%4.6%4.2%4.8%6.4%9.8%9.8%8.8%8.1%7.9%6.4%5.4%5.2%4.4%
Westchester County, NY3.4%3.8%4.5%4.5%4.4%4.0%3.8%3.7%4.8%7.1%7.4%7.1%7.3%6.3%5.1%4.5%4.3%4.6%
Massachusetts2.7%3.7%5.3%5.7%5.1%4.8%4.9%4.6%5.5%8.1%8.3%7.3%6.7%6.7%5.7%4.8%3.9%3.7%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics




Total Unemployed
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MA10,14215,30022,56423,97421,42819,75419,66718,24222,09933,01634,11629,93027,95928,14224,18220,35316,36315,663
Amesbury203323471499433389418382466687735612569570486431328307
Beverly4646871,0231,0841,0449349108551,0521,5741,6311,3871,2701,2871,166973773733
Gloucester5868171,0581,1371,0349909868971,1121,5781,5971,3641,2381,3071,081934730707
Haverhill8191,3192,0382,0291,7611,6351,5841,5111,9102,8603,0032,6762,4902,3632,0641,7461,3831,346
Lawrence1,5382,5643,6813,6223,2292,9292,8822,6763,2564,7705,1825,1224,6594,6963,8853,2842,5832,443
Lynn1,3201,8422,6763,1292,7512,5862,5562,3152,7453,9684,0753,6273,4783,3902,9892,4491,9761,819
Methuen7181,0601,7091,7591,5391,4051,3771,2761,5802,4032,4722,1342,0922,1551,7611,4871,2091,163
Newburyport214334511542435394396351425651690567535525455389311299
Peabody6199171,3191,4351,3381,2951,3721,2311,4442,1752,1921,8091,7461,7751,5151,2691,055986
Salem5738601,2701,4151,2911,1471,1461,0721,2901,9281,9491,7181,5561,5931,3851,153934915
Middlesex County, MA17,71627,27141,31642,99735,94332,98632,94630,70737,34656,86857,20248,60645,02546,01439,84933,83827,70626,967
Lake County, IL11,50714,17317,83119,62118,12816,43315,32117,78823,66635,72736,40332,52729,78128,79623,52919,77319,25316,350
Westchester County, NY15,71117,50321,23421,09521,22519,29618,39218,14123,74334,54535,20033,48334,65429,87524,27621,84720,60922,053
Massachusetts89,932126,153180,997195,428174,673164,027167,023157,913191,060281,372289,265251,554232,630236,035204,426172,367140,306135,691

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY