Financial Self-Sufficiency
Living Wage Rate, 2017


Living Wage Rate, 2017

What does this measure?

The level of income needed for households of different sizes and types in a region to be able to pay for necessities including housing and food without outside assistance.

Why is this important?

The level of income needed to afford basic expenses often exceeds the minimum wage, forcing the working poor to work multiple jobs or seek public assistance to make ends meet. Understanding the true level of income required to cover housing, food, clothing, child care, transportation and medical expenses provides a more accurate benchmark for assessing the jobs available in a region or local area. The living wage also adjusts for regional variation in costs.

How is our county doing?

In Essex County in 2017, a family of four with two earners would each need to earn just above $19 an hour, or about $79,075 a year combined, in order to meet the living wage level. A family of three with one earner needs an hourly wage of $35 to earn $72,600 a year to make ends meet. Two earners with no dependents must earn $11 an hour or $46,100 combined. Essex County was slightly more expensive than the state as a whole.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Living wage figures for Essex County were very similar to Middlesex, MA, above Lake, IL and below the wages needed in Westchester, NY. A family of four with two earners would need an annual income about $93,700 in Westchester, for example.

Notes about the data

Figures are in 2017 dollars and assume a 40-hour work week. The living wage model is an alternative measure of basic needs. It is a market-based approach that draws upon geographically specific expenditure data related to a family's likely minimum food, child care, health insurance, housing, transportation, and other basic necessities (e.g. clothing, personal care items, etc.) costs. More information on the sources of data for costs is available at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Living Wage Rate, 2017
1 earning adult, 2 children2 adults (1 earning), 2 children2 earning adults2 earning adults, 2 children
Essex County, MA$34.91$29.13$11.08$19.01
Middlesex County, MA$35.08$29.29$11.16$19.09
Lake County, IL$31.96$28.10$10.87$17.59
Westchester County, NY$41.76$31.21$11.93$22.51
Massachusetts$34.11$28.18$10.69$18.63

Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.




Annual Income, 2017
1 earning adult, 2 children2 adults (1 earning), 2 children2 earning adults2 earning adults, 2 children
Essex County, MA$72,621$60,597$46,077$79,075
Middlesex County, MA$72,966$60,919$46,421$79,419
Lake County, IL$66,469$58,446$45,216$73,181
Westchester County, NY$86,862$64,920$49,648$93,659
Massachusetts$70,944$58,618$44,485$77,483

Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars and assume working 40 hours each week.




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