Children And Youth
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17


Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17

What does this measure?

The number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18 within a racial and ethnic group. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2017, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,858.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives. Throughout the nation, racial disparities across many indicators of well-being (including poverty rates) are persistent, troubling and in need of attention.

How is our county doing?

Poverty rates were much higher among African American (27%) and Hispanic (31%) children than among white children (11%) in 2013-17. Since 2000, this represented a decrease of 3 percentage points among Hispanic children and an increase of 3 percentage points among white children. The rate for African American children was flat since 2000.

Compared to Massachusetts, Essex County's poverty rate for white children was similar, while its rates were 5 percentage points lower for Hispanic children and 2 points lower for Black children. Rates in Essex were similar to the nation for Hispanic children, but 9 percentage points lower for Black children and 5 points lower for white children.

How do we compare to similar counties?

All the comparison counties had similar racial and ethnic disparities. Essex, however, had the highest poverty rate for Hispanic children compared to Lake, IL (20%), Westchester, NY (21%) and Middlesex, MA (26%). The rate for African American children in Essex was lower than Lake, but similar to Middlesex and higher than Westchester (22%).

Notes about the data

Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA14%**27%31%11%
Amesbury0%******6%******11%******4%******
Beverly8%******0%******32%******12%****
Gloucester10%******68%******36%******7%****
Haverhill0%******12%******32%**20%**
Lawrence28%******29%******32%27%
Lynn16%****34%**30%20%
Methuen16%******32%******25%**10%**
Newburyport0%******79%******0%******11%******
Peabody22%******24%******44%**13%**
Salem0%******14%******50%**17%**
Andover7%******0%******17%******3%******
Boxford0%******N/A******0%******8%******
Danvers36%******0%******22%******3%******
EssexN/A******N/A******N/A******7%******
Georgetown0%******0%******0%******3%******
GrovelandN/A******N/A******0%******2%******
Hamilton89%******0%******0%******6%******
Ipswich0%******100%******4%******6%******
Lynnfield0%******0%******0%******3%******
Manchester0%******N/A******N/A******0%******
Marblehead0%******0%******6%******3%******
MerrimacN/A******N/A******0%******11%******
MiddletonN/A******N/A******17%******2%******
NahantN/A******N/A******N/A******2%******
NewburyN/A******0%******0%******1%******
North Andover9%******0%******21%******5%****
RockportN/A******N/A******54%******4%******
Rowley0%******0%******N/A******7%******
Salisbury53%******0%******0%******6%******
Saugus0%******0%******22%******14%****
Swampscott0%******0%******0%******9%******
Topsfield0%******N/A******N/A******0%******
WenhamN/A******N/A******0%******0%******
West Newbury0%******N/A******0%******7%******
Middlesex County, MA8%28%26%7%
Lake County, IL4%**35%20%9%
Westchester County, NY8%**22%21%7%
Massachusetts12%29%36%11%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA870**2,15515,07213,118
Amesbury0******1******23******118******
Beverly16******0******201******764****
Gloucester7******103******80******314****
Haverhill0******51******1,625**2,165**
Lawrence94******397******5,8772,760
Lynn265****1,061**3,7601,445
Methuen66******178******1,109**736**
Newburyport0******123******0******343******
Peabody40******110******775**947**
Salem0******91******1,179**769**
Andover88******0******66******177******
Boxford0******0******0******123******
Danvers63******0******76******149******
Essex0******0******0******57******
Georgetown0******0******0******54******
Groveland0******0******0******32******
Hamilton155******0******0******107******
Ipswich0******40******9******151******
Lynnfield0******0******0******73******
Manchester0******0******0******0******
Marblehead0******0******20******146******
Merrimac0******0******0******143******
Middleton0******0******22******39******
Nahant0******0******0******11******
Newbury0******0******0******14******
North Andover39******0******138******315****
Rockport0******0******37******50******
Rowley0******0******0******88******
Salisbury37******0******0******80******
Saugus0******0******75******589****
Swampscott0******0******0******279******
Topsfield0******0******0******0******
Wenham0******0******0******0******
West Newbury0******0******0******80******
Middlesex County, MA2,8885,3989,42215,442
Lake County, IL537**4,42410,83711,964
Westchester County, NY927**6,65314,2629,716
Massachusetts9,91435,44983,435104,112

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA17%27%34%8%
Beverly0%35%22%7%
Gloucester0%20%34%12%
Haverhill6%23%29%11%
Lawrence17%36%38%23%
Lynn29%28%32%18%
Methuen4%54%24%8%
Newburyport0%0%0%6%
Peabody17%15%29%5%
Salem10%17%29%9%
Andover3%0%32%3%
Boxford0%N/A0%1%
Danvers0%0%0%3%
Essex0%N/AN/A6%
GeorgetownN/AN/AN/A2%
Groveland0%0%0%7%
Hamilton32%N/A0%5%
Ipswich0%0%0%8%
Lynnfield0%0%0%2%
ManchesterN/AN/AN/A2%
Marblehead0%30%0%6%
MerrimacN/AN/A0%1%
MiddletonN/AN/AN/A2%
Nahant0%N/A0%3%
Newbury0%0%0%3%
North Andover3%0%38%3%
Rockport0%0%0%4%
RowleyN/AN/AN/A6%
SalisburyN/A0%43%9%
Saugus0%0%0%5%
Swampscott0%0%0%4%
Topsfield0%N/AN/A0%
WenhamN/AN/AN/A2%
West NewburyN/A0%0%4%
Middlesex County, MA13%17%26%6%
Lake County, IL2%22%16%5%
Westchester County, NY5%24%24%6%
Massachusetts18%27%37%8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA9211,57310,11211,321
Beverly04657528
Gloucester01277720
Haverhill101055861,334
Lawrence1143346,1401,966
Lynn6909102,0102,222
Methuen1474394681
Newburyport000213
Peabody2617181458
Salem2153514503
Andover22064260
Boxford00021
Danvers000173
Essex00048
Georgetown00040
Groveland000128
Hamilton1400110
Ipswich000233
Lynnfield00055
Manchester00023
Marblehead0150271
Merrimac00013
Middleton00040
Nahant00018
Newbury00052
North Andover10053174
Rockport00055
Rowley00088
Salisbury0012153
Saugus000249
Swampscott000132
Topsfield0006
Wenham00018
West Newbury00048
Middlesex County, MA2,9242,2175,16714,852
Lake County, IL1563,1325,5316,660
Westchester County, NY5948,57710,3579,111
Massachusetts10,28728,13656,20993,438

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY