Financial Self-Sufficiency
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17


Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17

What does this measure?

Median household income, in 2017 dollars. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of the overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of households. Differences among racial and ethnic groups is a gauge of the economic health of those groups, and may reflect disparities in access to economic opportunity.

How is our county doing?

In 2013-17, the overall median household income in Essex County was $73,500. Median income was substantially lower among African American ($51,700) and Hispanic ($41,100) households, and higher among white ($78,300) and Asian ($95,100) households. After inflation, Asian households saw the largest increase since 2000 (14%), compared to small increases among African American (2%) and Hispanic (3%) households, and a small decrease among whites (2%).

The state had similar disparities in 2013-17. African American households in Essex earned more than in Massachusetts as a whole ($46,200), and Hispanics in Essex earned slightly more than at the state level ($39,300). Earnings for white Massachusetts residents were similar to Essex, while Asians in Essex earned more than the state median ($87,000). Compared to national medians, most groups in Essex earned more except Hispanic households, who fared better at the national level ($46,600). Among Essex County's cities, median income for Hispanic households was lower than the County median in Lawrence ($36,600), but higher than the County median in Lynn ($43,100) and Haverhill ($47,400).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's disparities were similar to the comparison counties. Essex County had lower median incomes for every racial and ethnic group than the comparison counties, with the exception of African Americans in Lake, IL ($43,500).

Notes about the data

Figures are in constant 2017 dollars. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA$95,141$51,702$41,145$78,314
AmesburyN/A******N/A******N/A******$79,322
BeverlyN/A******N/A******$28,958****$78,672
Gloucester$81,055******$40,875******$45,000**$65,850
Haverhill$82,500$67,969****$47,431$68,798
Lawrence$48,730$46,635**$36,550$40,685
Lynn$55,129$46,269$43,092$60,751
Methuen$91,719**$51,528******$58,365**$75,625
Newburyport$250,001N/A******$95,948******$90,379
Peabody$56,969****$52,027****$33,422**$66,806
Salem$117,125**$40,927$28,750******$67,722
Andover$150,682$137,159******$46,250******$146,076
Boxford$156,080**N/A******N/A******$155,833**
DanversN/A******N/A******N/A******$82,602
EssexN/A******N/A******N/A******$109,327
Georgetown$250,001N/A******N/A******$113,167
GrovelandN/A******N/A******N/A******$95,154**
Hamilton$2,499N/A******N/A******$118,750**
Ipswich$115,278******N/A******N/A******$80,631
Lynnfield$119,296******N/A******$129,583****$115,803
ManchesterN/A******N/A******N/A******$107,656
Marblehead$141,607****$142,763******$200,703**$105,589
MerrimacN/A******N/A******N/A******$82,583**
Middleton$227,833******N/A******N/A******$107,444
NahantN/A******N/A******N/A******$81,205**
NewburyN/A******N/A******N/A******$89,248
North Andover$150,556**N/A******N/A******$107,312
RockportN/A******N/A******N/A******$72,117
RowleyN/A******N/A******N/A******$89,265**
SalisburyN/A******N/A******$59,773******$72,340
Saugus$89,038****$135,846****$97,549**$81,367
Swampscott$148,661******$136,181******$110,507******$105,434
TopsfieldN/A******N/A******N/A******$131,448
WenhamN/A******N/A******N/A******$97,596
West Newbury$114,886****N/A******N/A******$137,639
Middlesex County, MA$103,699$52,638$56,536$96,047
Lake County, IL$110,639$43,537$54,087$86,159
Westchester County, NY$123,243$56,859$57,809$104,724
Massachusetts$86,965$46,196$39,299$78,696

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.








Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA$83,616$50,475$40,000$79,748
Beverly$90,975$67,312$40,655$79,783
Gloucester$76,630$69,029$54,868$70,299
Haverhill$89,351$62,735$55,992$73,795
Lawrence$69,786$45,059$36,596$43,849
Lynn$58,997$46,399$41,691$58,873
Methuen$104,991$54,715$52,087$73,926
Newburyport$86,439$53,795$110,641$86,030
Peabody$76,067$69,505$38,205$82,989
Salem$75,405$60,043$46,305$67,090
Andover$148,137$47,292$90,669$129,115
Boxford$166,187$0$294,263$166,852
Danvers$125,860$71,267$108,175$86,138
Essex$106,933$0$0$87,950
Georgetown$0$0$0$112,265
Groveland$0$53,335$0$102,430
Hamilton$48,606$147,743$168,259$108,100
Ipswich$52,109$0$71,726$84,547
Lynnfield$294,263$150,462$127,276$117,647
Manchester$0$0$0$108,093
Marblehead$86,863$92,417$187,592$109,184
Merrimac$12,874$0$12,874$86,931
Middleton$7,162$0$0$119,803
Nahant$135,224$45,978$57,013$93,733
Newbury$0$184,309$294,263$110,463
North Andover$173,247$69,593$34,208$105,090
Rockport$57,013$23,909$57,013$75,664
Rowley$133,826$0$0$91,253
Salisbury$68,048$80,253$57,013$72,722
Saugus$46,788$38,339$92,186$82,477
Swampscott$57,013$86,623$26,738$105,287
Topsfield$10,771$0$0$142,443
Wenham$0$0$0$133,189
West Newbury$0$118,423$9,196$137,528
Middlesex County, MA$91,589$60,300$56,804$91,777
Lake County, IL$120,484$55,568$68,080$104,355
Westchester County, NY$127,845$58,037$60,733$106,140
Massachusetts$75,438$49,623$40,167$77,163

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.








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