Financial Self-Sufficiency
People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17


People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17

What does this measure?

The share of residents with incomes below the poverty level, and at various proportions of the poverty level (below half, double the poverty level, etc.). Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2017, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,858.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people living in or near poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of a region. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports.

How is our county doing?

In 2013-17, 11% of residents had incomes below the poverty level, including 5% with incomes less than half of the poverty level. These individuals are considered to live in extreme poverty. Another 13% of county residents had incomes between 100% and 199% of the poverty level, 13% had incomes between 200% and 299% of poverty, and 62% had incomes above that level. This was essentially unchanged since 2008-12. That distribution of incomes was very similar to the state and better than the nation, where 14% of residents were below the poverty line, 18% between 100% and 199%, 16% between 200% and 299%, and 50% above that level.

The cities of Lawrence and Lynn had the highest percentages of residents living below the poverty level at 24% and 18%, respectively, including 10% and 8% of residents in extreme poverty. Since 2008-12, poverty decreased 5 percentage points in Lawrence and 3 points in Lynn.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Though Essex County had the highest percentage of residents with incomes under the poverty level in 2013-17, at 11%, the comparison counties were all very similar, with both Westchester, NY and Lake, IL at 9%, and Middlesex, MA at 8%. There were slightly higher proportions of residents at the upper end - at or above the 300% of poverty - in Middlesex (72%) and Westchester (68%), while Lake (64%) was fairly similar to Essex.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released annually in December.

People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA5%6%13%13%62%
Amesbury2%**3%****9%15%71%
Beverly4%**4%**13%11%67%
Gloucester3%**5%15%14%63%
Haverhill6%6%16%16%56%
Lawrence10%14%28%19%29%
Lynn8%10%19%20%44%
Methuen4%**6%15%16%60%
Newburyport4%****3%****10%**7%77%
Peabody4%6%13%14%64%
Salem6%9%13%14%58%
Andover2%**2%**4%6%85%
Boxford0%******3%******4%******6%**87%
Danvers3%**3%**10%12%71%
Essex4%******2%******7%****8%**79%
Georgetown1%******2%******5%****8%**84%
Groveland2%******0%******11%******15%**72%
Hamilton6%**4%****6%**12%**72%
Ipswich4%**3%****11%11%71%
Lynnfield1%******1%******4%****8%86%
Manchester2%******2%******6%******15%**75%
Marblehead3%**2%****6%**9%81%
Merrimac2%******3%******11%**15%**69%
Middleton2%******2%******4%******10%**82%
Nahant2%******3%******10%****7%****79%
Newbury1%******3%******6%****13%****77%
North Andover2%**3%**6%**8%81%
Rockport4%****2%******13%**11%**70%
Rowley5%******1%******5%******8%**81%
Salisbury6%****4%****15%13%**62%
Saugus3%**5%**9%11%72%
Swampscott4%****2%****5%**9%79%
Topsfield0%******1%******5%******6%****87%
Wenham1%******1%******9%******13%**77%
West Newbury4%******2%******1%******10%**84%
Middlesex County, MA4%4%10%10%72%
Lake County, IL4%5%13%14%64%
Westchester County, NY4%5%12%11%68%
Massachusetts5%6%13%13%64%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA36,72645,708101,437102,236473,258
Amesbury410**425****1,5332,58712,037
Beverly1,554**1,619**4,9144,40925,910
Gloucester934**1,5734,5474,03718,523
Haverhill3,9643,8209,6829,62034,814
Lawrence7,86111,12222,27314,64022,534
Lynn7,2209,60717,31318,05340,270
Methuen1,889**2,7477,1437,66429,742
Newburyport713****513****1,706**1,19513,478
Peabody1,8973,2226,8337,06033,089
Salem2,5933,7145,5195,62223,830
Andover811**701**1,4982,06628,960
Boxford15******213******328******531**7,141
Danvers772**920**2,8193,35319,048
Essex137******91******258****304**2,885
Georgetown119******173******429****676**7,164
Groveland148******14******705******978**4,852
Hamilton466**330****449**918**5,661
Ipswich490**478****1,4551,5069,789
Lynnfield159******69******474****1,03610,961
Manchester109******88******327******824**3,978
Marblehead558**372****1,149**1,75816,439
Merrimac134******227******719**1,021**4,627
Middleton136******169******320******870**6,882
Nahant78******87******334****235****2,703
Newbury58******235******429****888****5,290
North Andover705**774**1,758**2,25923,490
Rockport287****155******891**772**5,009
Rowley299******38******300******520**5,000
Salisbury518****353****1,3561,200**5,556
Saugus928**1,333**2,5263,02119,990
Swampscott533****350****785**1,30511,436
Topsfield18******71******304******410****5,572
Wenham35******25******313******463**2,796
West Newbury178******80******48******435**3,802
Middlesex County, MA62,55062,941147,212158,4241,095,338
Lake County, IL26,18832,06392,27194,653441,933
Westchester County, NY40,79749,032112,984105,811643,366
Massachusetts341,952385,594823,339833,8164,167,646

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




People by Income to Poverty Level, 2008-12
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA4%7%13%13%62%
Amesbury2%****3%**8%12%75%
Beverly3%**6%9%13%69%
Gloucester3%**5%**14%15%63%
Haverhill5%7%14%17%57%
Lawrence11%18%28%17%26%
Lynn9%12%22%16%41%
Methuen4%5%14%15%62%
Newburyport3%****4%**7%**7%**79%
Peabody2%**4%12%16%67%
Salem6%8%17%16%53%
Andover1%**3%**6%6%84%
Boxford0%******2%******2%******4%****92%
Danvers3%**2%**6%16%73%
Essex2%******1%******12%****8%****77%
Georgetown1%******1%******3%******10%**85%
Groveland1%******2%******8%****11%**78%
Hamilton5%******1%******7%****11%**77%
Ipswich2%****3%****10%**12%74%
Lynnfield1%******1%******7%**11%**80%
Manchester1%******4%******7%******9%**79%
Marblehead2%****3%****5%**6%84%
Merrimac1%******2%******11%**13%**73%
Middleton2%******1%******9%****16%**71%
Nahant1%******1%******10%****13%**76%
Newbury2%******4%******5%****12%**78%
North Andover1%****3%**6%**9%81%
Rockport2%******2%******12%**15%**69%
Rowley1%******8%******7%****12%****72%
Salisbury2%******3%****13%**12%**70%
Saugus3%**3%**11%12%72%
Swampscott3%******2%******7%**5%**83%
Topsfield2%******5%******4%******3%******86%
Wenham3%******2%******4%******5%****86%
West Newbury5%******2%******4%******15%**74%
Middlesex County, MA4%4%11%12%70%
Lake County, IL4%5%14%14%64%
Westchester County, NY4%5%12%11%67%
Massachusetts5%6%13%13%62%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of People by Income to Poverty Level, 2008-12
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA32,40447,64598,17797,036453,729
Amesbury314****447**1,2811,91612,115
Beverly1,118**2,0513,4754,68525,350
Gloucester1,000**1,376**3,9614,19418,149
Haverhill3,1024,4838,3339,93533,952
Lawrence8,04413,55521,48912,92319,418
Lynn7,82310,88919,96414,01137,098
Methuen1,7232,5316,5287,08728,998
Newburyport457****606**1,250**1,218**13,666
Peabody975**1,8645,9178,23933,771
Salem2,3693,0496,8176,46221,226
Andover485**896**1,8661,88427,518
Boxford12******195******147******309****7,327
Danvers793**597**1,6284,05619,021
Essex59******39******410****292****2,720
Georgetown68******65******248******811**6,971
Groveland46******128******537****724**5,095
Hamilton345******42******526****842**5,755
Ipswich237****348****1,313**1,5859,715
Lynnfield106******103******844**1,247**9,327
Manchester63******197******349******482**4,042
Marblehead459****677****921**1,12416,563
Merrimac77******152******671**811**4,633
Middleton186******105******681****1,168**5,344
Nahant45******23******326****431**2,563
Newbury146******244******320****785**5,162
North Andover289****701**1,738**2,33121,744
Rockport142******162******807**1,075**4,763
Rowley77******448******406****694****4,142
Salisbury149******252****1,101**966**5,763
Saugus801**761**2,8193,07019,056
Swampscott455******211******958**662**11,364
Topsfield130******283******264******189******5,148
Wenham98******65******130******190****3,088
West Newbury211******100******152******638**3,162
Middlesex County, MA52,12263,186154,524168,4831,017,403
Lake County, IL25,64333,56993,28992,324438,692
Westchester County, NY39,00247,035115,277102,473624,002
Massachusetts316,558381,728834,411851,7783,948,903

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY